Junts, ERC i la CUP A.GARCIA
The left won the parliamentary elections on 14 February. And if the left won, the right lost. A month later, however, everything indicates that the Catalan right will continue in the Government of the Generalitat. Esquerra Republicana is negotiating with Junts to reissue the majority that failed in the last legislature.
The left received more votes and won more seats. The sum of the votes of the PSC, the most voted party, those of ERC and those of En Comú Podem launches the figure of 1,451,091, which is 50.4% of the votes cast. Of the three, they get 74 of the 135 seats in the House, six above the absolute majority. A majority wide enough to form a government.
Eight years of agitation of Spanish nationalism and Catalan nationalism against each other have paved the way for most nationalistic of all, Vox
As if that were not enough, there is the theoretical possibility of adding the votes and seats of the CUP, which is a formation that is also claimed by the left. This would elevate the left-wing majority to 83 seats, which would account for 57.2% of the vote. But this is an impossible sum, because the CUP is a left-wing party that has the curious peculiarity of voting almost always against the ruling left, even if it is for the benefit of the right.
The right lost the election because it received a total of half a million fewer votes than the left. They add up to 943,788 votes, 32.83%. And they have won 52 seats. In its results it is necessary to point out several very relevant aspects. The first is that the PDeCAT, the new party of Artur Mas, the leader who in 2012 converted Convergència Democràtica to independence, has been left out of Parliament. He received 77,059 votes, 2.72%, which prevents him from entering the allocation of seats, which starts from 3%. Removed.
Oriol Junqueras had already announced more than a year ago that the opponent of ERC in Catalonia was the PSC and, therefore, ERC can add its deputies to those of Junts
The beneficiary of this collapse is the party of Carles Puigdemont: 568,002, 19.76% and 32 seats make him the true heir of the PDeCAT and CiU. If it is relevant that the party of Mas, the successor appointed at the time by Jordi Pujol, has been left out of Parliament, so is the PP, which was its great opponent in the virulent political clash between successive governments of CiU and those of Mariano Rajoy between 2012 and 2017, has seen its representation in Parliament reduced to three deputies. His 109,067 votes represent 3.85% of the total. The two great protagonists of the delirium that has upset Catalan politics have been literally swept off the map. It has been repeatedly said that both forces, CiU and the PP, entered 2012 in a spiral of nationalist agitation of the opposite sign to escape two major threats that affected them equally as governing parties. : the social unrest over the 2008 economic crisis and the discovery of their respective fabulous corruption scandals. If this interpretation is correct, even if only in part, the truth is that disaster has not prevented them.
This double failure runs parallel, however, to that also obtained by Ciudadanos, the Adamist party that proclaimed its claim to replace them. Its spectacular disaster is measured by what it has lost compared to what it achieved three years ago: its 157,903 votes now are 951,829 less than in 2017: it has gone from 25.3% to 5.57%. And from 36 deputies to 6. But it is not, of course, that the right has disappeared. It’s eight years of agitation Spanish and Catalan nationalism against each other have paved the way for most nationalistic of all, Vox, which won 217,883 votes, the 7.58% and 11 deputies. Added to those of Junts, Ciutadans and the PP, the right only gets 52 seats.
The left won and the right lost, but Oriol Junqueras had already announced more than a year ago that the ERC’s opponent in Catalonia was the PSC and, therefore, the thing is clear to him: ERC can add its deputies with the 32 of Junts, the party of Puigdemont, the independentist amalgam arisen from CiU. And to do so you can count on the ineffable CUP. Between the three parties they add 74 seats. More than enough to form a government. It is the pro-independence majority that also emerged from the polls on 14 February. Legitimate, therefore. Although they received half a million fewer votes than the left, they have the same number of deputies. A new harvest that the right will reap from the advantageous electoral system they have enjoyed since 1980. This is what they are negotiating with the Left.